Istituto di Studi per l’Integrazione dei Sistemi (ISIS) a highly specialised research and consultancy institute, whose core competence is in the field of i) qualitative and quantitative system analysis for policy support in the areas of Energy, Transport and Environment., ii) information management, iii) management of evaluation programmes, and iv) database design and development. ISIS was established in 1971, and has since accrued a highly recognised expertise in servicing a wide range of public and private institutions, at the European, national and local level. The company has been extensively involved in 4th, 5th and 6th Framework Programme projects and is active at the national level. Noteworthy relevant projects include MURE, QUATTRO, QUITS, ESTEEM, ACT-VILL, TRANSLAND, Pilot Benchmarking Project on Urban Transport, MARETOPE, ASTRAL and IMPRINT. ISIS has also yielded considerable project management experience through the coordination of major EC funded projects, such as RECORDIT (real costs of intermodal freight transport), TRANSPLUS (integration of transport and land use policies), BEACON (building environmental assessment consensus on the Trans-European transport network), NEEDS (Integrated Project on the assessment of the externalities of the energy production cycle), RAISE (Citizens participation to decision making) and TRESHOLDS.
Other worth mentioning related projects are: i) CANTIQUE, in which ISIS was the technical coordinator in developing a methodology for comparing the impact and policy measures on air quality improvement in European cities, ii) CUPID, in which ISIS is in charge of the evaluation process, iii) PROGRESS, in which ISIS supports the city of Rome in the implementation of the local Road Urban Charge scheme, and METEOR, the CIVITAS I support measure, in which ISIS holds leaderships in areas such as policy recommendations, dissemination and impact assessment. At the national level, ISIS is in charge of drafting policy guidelines for various local public authorities, and assists the Italian Association of Municipal Service Operators in the design and development of databases of statistical indicators to support auditing activities of municipal operators in several sectors including urban transport, development of databases and information systems.
ISIS employs a permanent staff of 20 experts, mainly engineers, statisticians and policy scientists, of which 9 are full Partners. The institute has its own capability to develop interactive and user-friendly software tools.
Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) was founded in 1927 and is organised as an association, with membership open to organisations and individuals. Contributions by economic policy institutions provide the foundation for basic research and guarantee access to the combined research resources of a pool of about 100 highly qualified staff.
WIFO analyses national and international economic trends and supplies short- to medium-term economic forecasts. Together with our studies on European integration, competitiveness and location of industries and services, these trends and forecasts provide the basis for economic policies and corporate strategies. Research activities are bundled in the following departments:
- Macroeconomics and European Economic Policy;
- Labour Market, Income and Social Security;
- Industrial Economics, Innovation and Trade;
- Structural Change and Regional Development;
- Environment, Agriculture and Energy.
Theory based empirical research incorporating macro- and microeconomic data sets along with the knowledge of institutional and political structures assure the quality of our work. The use of international networks as well as our independent and non-partisan approach provides additional authority for our findings, which are published in a number of own publications and contributions to scientific journals and books.
WIFO's activities include commissioned research and consulting for domestic and international decision-making bodies, the European Commission, the OECD, major business and financial institutions.
WIFO has established an extensive information system of economic statistics. The WIFO Data Base contains an important stock of national and international data (e.g., the U.N. Foreign Trade Statistics, World Debt Tables of the World Bank, the IMF International Financial Statistics, OECD Main Economic Indicators, OECD Economic Outlook). These data bases are systematised, processed and regularly updated by WIFO.
Charles University in Prague (CUNI). The oldest university in central Europe, Charles University was founded on 7 April 1348 by Charles IV, then Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia and recently is public university defined by law. Charles University consists of 17 faculties and independent centers. The Charles University Environment Center, CUNI as a part of the Charles University, was founded in 1992 and belongs to one of its centers. CUNI conducts environmental research; provides environmental expertise and information for students, the staff of the University and for general public. Center keeps close contact with work of international bodies, OECD and EEA in particular.
CUNI consists of the three units. Department of Environmental Sustainability Indicators focuses on development of appropriate measurement of socioeconomic metabolism and SD indicators via material and energy flow analysis, land use and ecosystem accounting or development of indicators belonging to socioeconomic concept such as MFA, HANNP or ecological footprint. The research activities of Dpt. of Environmental Economics and Sociology aim at benefit valuation, particularly of health effects, consumer behaviour and demand analysis of environmentally-related goods, quantification of external costs and modelling of economic and distributive impacts of regulation. Dpt. of Environmental Education targets links between information, education and concept of sustainable development.
CUNI has been widely involved in conducting research within many projects funded by Framework Programmes of the European Commission. Indicators and linkages between environmental burden and economic performance have been targeted in our research conducted within FP5 (MOSUS, INFOSDEV), FP6 (EXIOPOL, MATISSE or INDI-LINK), and FP7 project (IN-STREAM). Benefit valuation and impact assessment have been worked out in FP5 (Externe-Pol, SusTools, cCASHh), FP6 (NEEDS, Methodex, VERHI-Children, HEIMTSA, DROPS), or in FP7 (ClimateCost). Sustainability indicators were also widely worked out within SCOPE projects Indicators of Sustainable Development (1994-1997), the UNDP project “Towards Sustainable Development of the Czech Republic: Building National Capacities” (1998-2001), Assessment of Sustainability Indicators or Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Project (2004-2006). Researchers have been collaborating with OECD in research on household behaviour and consumption (2008-2009), children health valuation (2006-2009) or environmental sustainability indicators and accounting (2006-2007). The director of CUNI has been inter alia a member of scientific committee of “Beyond the GDP”.
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). The Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) is the largest public multidisciplinary research organisation in Spain. It has a staff of more than 10000 employees, among these 3202 scientists and about 3802 pre and postdoctoral researchers. The CSIC has 116 Institutes or centres distributed throughout Spain. There is also a delegation in Brussels. It has considerable experience in both participating and managing R&D projects and training grants. Under the 6th Framework Programme, the CSIC has signed 418 actions (37 coordinated by the CSIC). Under the 7th Framework Programme, the CSIC has signed 129 actions (18 coordinated by the CSIC). The CSIC has been the 5th organisation in Europe in project execution and funding in the 6th Framework Programme.
The main tasks attributed to CSIC are described in WP5 and focused on the interaction between climate change policies and land use change, taking into account forestry and bio-energy incentives and including improved welfare measures in the analysis. The research team at CSIC has extensive experience on forestry and green national accounting, focusing mainly on Hicksian income within a total economic value framework (Caparrós et al., 2003; Campos and Caparrós, 2006); on the use of the econometric techniques mentioned in WP5 (Caparrós et al., 2008a; Caparrós et al., 2008b); on climate change and land use issues (Caparrós and Jacquemont, 2003; Ovando and Caparrós, 2008; Caparrós et al., 2007; Caparrós, 2008) and on renewable energy policy (Del Río, 2005; Del Río et al., 2005, Del Río and Unruh, 2007).
Enerdata sas (Enerdata) is an independent private company with 20 permanent professionals. It manages and updates the largest energy data base existing at world level. This data base, called ENERDATA, proposes:
- Harmonised energy statistics for all countries in the world;
- Annual statistical yearbooks on world energy;
- Country energy profiles and statistics, as paper products or intranet services;
- Short term energy forecasts.
Enerdata sas has also a long experience in energy modelling and forecasting with various models: MEDEE models for long term energy demand forecasting; long term world energy model POLES; very long term energy model VLEEM, developed for the EC. These models have been used for the benefit of international organisations (European Union, World Bank, UNDP, African Development Bank, World Energy Council …), national governments (France, Belgium, Spain, Canada …) and energy and consulting firms (EDF, MONENCO, ICE…).
Enerdata is working closely with a research center UPMF-LEPII, on technology data bases (TECHPOL).
Main recent projects related to prospective studies and scenarios on energy are:
- Production of the energy and CO2-energy emission forecasts for the French Ministry of Environment for the 2nd, 3rd and 4th National Communications on Climate, three scenarios: “without measure”, “with existing measures”, “with additional measures” (1978, 2001, 2005).
- Production of energy demand forecasts for the Ministry of Industry: reference scenarios (2001, 2004), scenario “factor 4” (2004).
- Coordination of the European consortium which has produced the World Energy Technology Outlook- Hydrogen (WETO-H2) report, based on the POLES model, for the DG Research of the EC (2004-2005)
- Coordination of the European project VLEEM (Very Long Term Energy Environment Modelling –www.VLEEM.org) for the DG Research of the EC (2001-2005).
Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) is a non-profit, non-partisan research institution established to carry out research in the field of economics and sustainable development. It is a leading international research centre and one of its principal aims is to promote interaction between academic, industrial and public policy spheres in order to comprehensively address concerns about economic development and environmental degradation.
The research activities are organised into three main areas: Sustainable Development, Global Challenges and Institutions & Markets. The Research Programme “Sustainable Development” covers a considerable number of key topics for research, often strictly interrelated among themselves and both individually and jointly addressed by FEEM research projects on climate change, natural resource management, sustainable energy and environmental valuation.
FEEM has signed an impressive number of research contracts with external researchers and institutions, an internationalisation rate which is unparalleled in Europe. FEEM has become the privileged interlocutor of a number of policy institutions, among which the IPCC, the World Bank, the OECD, the European Commission, the Italian Ministries, Regions and local municipalities.
Finally FEEM has a large experience in the dissemination of theoretical and applied research. In the last 18-year period FEEM has organised over 300 seminars among which several workshops and 15 large-scale conferences. Working papers, journals and books are also evidence of FEEM’s research effort.
Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW). The Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) at the University of Kiel is an international centre for economic policy research and documentation. The Institute’s main activities are economic research, economic policy consulting, and the documentation and provision of information about international economic relations. The Institute’s publications and services are addressed to academics in Germany and abroad as well as to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, and to those people in the general public interested in domestic and international economic policy.
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) is an international research organization. It conducts inter-disciplinary scientific studies on environmental, economic, technological, and social issues in the context of human dimensions of global change. IIASA is located in Austria near Vienna and is sponsored by its National Member Organizations in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America.
IIASA's research scholars study environmental, economic, technological, and social developments. The research areas covered link a variety of natural and social science disciplines. The work is based on original state-of-the-art methodology and analytical approaches. The methods and tools generated are useful to both decision makers and the scientific community.
The Forestry Program is working with Global Change and Forests addressing the question of how to manage the forest sector in its interaction with other environmental and non-environmental sectors to harmonize geo- and biospheric functions and, at the same time, enable the forest sector to positively contribute to socioeconomic development. The forests of the world and their utilization are important from a global change context due to the impacts on the climate, global/regional environment, economic development and regional social sustainability. The program proposes to study these issues within three major interlinked themes of global change of the forest sector during the planning period 2006–2010: 1) Greenhouse Gas Cycling and Terrestrial Ecosystems, 2) Global Impacts of Forest Sector Development in Emerging Economies, and 3) International Governance of Forests.
Mcrit, Ltdo (MCRIT) was created in 1988 by engineers of the Polytechnical University of Catalunya.At moment it counts on a multidisciplinary staff of consultants specialized on decision support systems for private companies, and public institutions. In order to carry out these projects, MCRIT develops advanced information and knowledge management systems adapted to each case. MCRIT has co-ordinated research projects in the 4th an 5th Framework Programme of Research of the European Commission, has participated actively in the European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) as well as in Spanish research programs and regularly collaborates with companies and universities. MCRIT participates in graduate education programs in UPC, UPF, UAB, UG, EAPC. During the last ten years MCRIT has been developing interactive Metamodels based on this approach, and created the non-profit ERSILIA FOUNDATION (www.ersilia.org) to further disseminate this approach for education though the development of virtual laboratories containing simulators. Projects which allowed MCRIT to develop gradually the meta-model concept and practice include:
- GTF (developed by MKmetric and MCRIT, in spotlightsTN 5th EU FP, 2001) was a System Engineering or Ontological Engineering metamodel. GTF stands for Generalised Transport Format, and aimed to recognize the common deep ontology shared by all transport forecast models, in order to develop a database structure (or data model) as well as a specific format (ASCII protocol) all models could use to exchange data.
- EXPEDITE (developed by RAND Corporation, in the 5th EU FP) was developed based on the results of five national models and three European models (SCENES, NEAC, VACLAV-VIA), applying multiple regression techniques. In this sense, a metamodel involves, more than a conceptual analysis, a sophisticated statistical work, in many cases requiring the use of Neural networks and other advanced multivariant methodologies. The purpose is being able to substitute a large model by just a number of equations that produce similar enough results under given thresholds. Similarly TRANSVISIONS METAMODELS were developed by MCRIT in the TRANSVISIONS study (DGTREN 2008) based on results from Transtools forecast model (developed by a group of institutions and upgraded by DTU).
Société de Mathématiques et de Sciences Humaines (SMASH) is a research organisation involved in the development of mathematical methods applied to the social sciences. It has specific competence on modelling and data bases in the field of energy and the environment. Along with its technical competence, SMASH has conducted social scientific research in energy planning, energy economics, the rational use of energy and the development of renewable energy vectors. SMASH’s contribution to PASHMINA will be conducted under close collaboration with the Centre International de Recherches sur l’Environnement et le Développement (CIRED), a CNRS unit that focuses on the interfaces between the environment, long-term natural resource management and economic development. Its research interests compatible with the objectives of PASHMINA cover the study of innovation processes in energy production and end-uses, and the implications of technological change for the macroeconomic assessment of climate policies. SMASH and CIRED have been and are continuingly contributing to a number of research projects funded by the European Commission (e.g. INASUD, ENV4-CT96-0197; RECIPE, EIE/04/153/S07.38646; GLOBIS, under FP7-ENV-2008-1; CLIMNEG, ENV4-CT98-0810; SIADCERO, EVK2-CT1999-00002; TRANSUST, under FP6-2004-SSP-4; E2C2, under NEST-2003-1; etc.).
NERI provides data and the scientific basis for environmental policy and decisions pertaining to nature and the environment. Primary clients are the national, regional and international authorities in the field of nature and environment. Staff members comprise about 450 and the annual turn-over is about 35 mill. EURO. NERI participates in EEA Topic Centres and is the EEA National Focal Point in Denmark. NERI plays an important role in supplying the follow-up of international conventions (a.o. Water Framework Directive, Habitats Directive, HELCOM, PARCOM, CORINAIR, Kyoto) with scientific background, data and information.
NERI is organised in ten research departments. The department of Policy Analysis will be the partner in this project. The department’s research and advisory activities are focused on interdisciplinary and integrated analysis and assessment of driving forces and pressures related to complex environmental problems, including environmental geography, human health and risk assessment. Research and utilisation of Geographic Information Systems have for many years been an integrated part of these tasks, including GIS modelling and Web-publishing based on Danish and pan European geo-data. In this context, the department participate in several EU research projects as part of management groups, as module leaders and work package leaders, among which are SENSOR (land use policy scenarios) and NoMiracle (integrated risk assessment and vulnerability mapping) (both FP6-IPs) and ASSET (Assessing SEnsitiveness to Transport - FP6-STREP).